School for Africa’s future leaders

first_imgThe African Leadership Academy aims to identify and nurture tomorrow’s leaders. (Image: African Leadership Academy) Fred Swaniker, left, from Ghana, and American Chris Bradford, the co-founders of the African Leadership Academy. (Image: Echoing Green)Janine ErasmusAn elite new high school about to open near Johannesburg is to groom a remarkable group of youngsters from across Africa to be the continent’s future leaders, with a strong emphasis on understanding African issues.The non-profit African Leadership Academy (ALA), situated in Honeydew, opens its doors on 3 September 2008. With a stringent admissions policy, the school will offer an education focused on leadership development and entrepreneurial training from a strongly African perspective.The academy selects its students solely on merit, looking for youngsters from 16 to 19 years old with the potential to rise to the top of their chosen careers. Out of 1 700 applicants from students in 36 African countries, 106 were selected for the two-year programme – an admission rate of 6.2%.“The number of applicants exceeded our expectations,” says ALA co-founder and COO Chris Bradford. “This clearly showed us that there is a great need for a school like this in Africa.” By comparison, Harvard has an admission rate of 7.1% and Stanford 9.5%.The school has 53 girls and 53 boys from 27 African countries, from Morocco to South Africa, as well as from Germany and the US. The group includes 13 South Africans, 12 Kenyans, nine students from Nigeria, eight each from Senegal and Tanzania, and six from Morocco.“We believe that Africa’s future lies in the quality of the leaders of tomorrow,” Bradford says. “By combining their academic knowledge with contextual knowledge of Africa and the skills they gain through community service projects, our graduates will be superbly equipped to put their ideas into practice.”The inaugural group of students were strictly selected according to ALA’s merit-based criteria: academic achievement, leadership potential, entrepreneurial spirit, passion for Africa, and commitment to service. Some are from wealthy families, others refugees from troubled regions or for various reasons have been unable to complete their schooling. Many have won recognition through academic achievement, or have demonstrated fierce entrepreneurial spirit. All possess the qualities of a leader.Teachers were selected according to even more rigorous standards. Of the hundreds who applied, a mere 2% were selected. ALA now boasts 20 teachers from top schools around the globe, headed by Dean Christopher Khaemba, formerly principal of Alliance Boys’ High School in Kikuyu, Nairobi – the school that consistently performs best in Kenya’s secondary school exams.Only 10% of the initial intake can afford the US$20 000 (R155 000) tuition fee; the remaining 90% are attending on scholarships although, says Bradford, they are asked to make a contribution, however small, according to their means.ALA’s unique method of teaching is based on discussion groups, much like the Socratic method, to stimulate thinking and unlock creativity. “Our teachers will challenge their students,” says Bradford, “and the students themselves can learn a great deal from each other as they share their personal perspectives on different issues.”Built on experienceALA’s founding team comprises Ghanaian Fred Swaniker, American Chris Bradford, German Peter Mombaur and Cameroonian Acha Leke.CEO Swaniker, just 31 years old, comes from a family of educators. Having lived and worked in a number of African countries, he was continually struck by the continent’s need for ethical leadership. He played an important role in the launch of Mount Pleasant English Medium School, one of Botswana’s top private elementary schools. He is also a founder of Global Leadership Adventures, a programme for high-school students that gives them the chance to serve in communities in other countries.A graduate of the Stanford University Graduate School of Business, Swaniker also completed a BA in economics at Macalester College in Minnesota, US.Bradford is a teacher with a BA from Yale University, an MA in Education Administration from Stanford University, and an MBA from Stanford University. He taught for two years at Oundle School in the UK, in classes filled with students from all over the world, including Africa.Non-executive founders Peter Mombaur and Acha Leke bring with them a wealth of experience in management and investment consulting, telecommunications and engineering.Leading Africa towards a prosperous futureThe ALA experience does not end at graduation, says Bradford, but aims to support former students throughout their lives, playing an integral role in the formation of a powerful network of African leaders who will be able to turn to their peers for mentoring, career advice, and business opportunities.One is sixteen-year-old Miranda Nyathi from Port Elizabeth, South Africa, who took on the role of her class’s maths teacher after the regular teacher failed to show up during the weeks-long teachers’ strike in 2007. After ALA she plans to work to place effective teachers in schools across the continent.William Kamkwamba, 20, from Malawi, dropped out of school at 14 because of financial constraints but taught himself the principles of energy from two library books, and built a windmill that supplies his home with electricity. His ambition is to set up a windmill company to help people all over Africa.Kenyan student Tabitha Tongoi, 17, established an educational project to help supply much-needed textbooks to her school in Nairobi. So far she has facilitated the donation of more than 3 000 books. She plans to become a human rights lawyer.Zimbabwean Belinda Munemo, 17, built up an agricultural business that included egg-laying and a vegetable garden to create sustainable income for an orphaned family, teaching the eldest child to manage the income. She wants to open a network of hospitals that will focus on research and treatment for cancer and Aids.These and other remarkable youngsters will use their knowledge and experience to work in communities around the ALA campus, gaining practical experience that they will take with them out into the world. As part of their curriculum each student is required to complete a service project before graduation.The ALA plans to share its vision and resources beyond its physical boundaries through a series of open lectures, free training seminars that will equip teachers from other schools with innovative teaching methods, and school holiday camps to develop leadership and entrepreneurial skills in younger pupils.ALA supportersALA has been a work in progress since 2003, when Swaniker became inspired to address the issue of leadership.“We want to move the continent forward,” says Swaniker, “and so we look for teachers and students who have that abiding passion for Africa. There are so many opportunities across the continent, but the barrier to peace and prosperity has always been leadership. And we need to inculcate these values while our students are still young – Richard Branson was 16 when he began his business career; Bill Gates started Microsoft at 19.”The school currently occupies a tranquil 20 acres of land once used by a printing plant and training school. Most facilities were already in place, including an auditorium, except for the two science labs which have just been completed.“We couldn’t have reached this stage without the help of the national Department of Home Affairs,” says Director of Operations Anabel Argyle. “They assisted us with a lot of the paperwork, especially where there were major problems. Many of our pupils don’t come from well-off families and therefore have no passport because they don’t travel with their parents. Some have illiterate parents and didn’t even have birth certificates or identity documents. Fortunately Home Affairs was sympathetic to our cause and waived certain conditions or gave us extensions on others.”The national and provincial education departments have also been tremendously helpful, says Swaniker, as have major businesses such as Absa, Cisco, the Industrial Development Corporation, and Kenya Airways, which is keen to become the official ALA carrier. “They have the widest footprint of all the African airlines we studied,” he says.Do you have queries or comments about this article? Email Janine Erasmus at storiesEducation in South AfricaUseful linksAfrican Leadership AcademyGlobal Leadership AdventuresWilliam Kamkwamba on AfrigadgetAfrican Leadership FoundationIndustrial Development CorporationDepartment of Educationlast_img read more

Calendar: July/August 2015

first_imgAugust 2-5, 2015 Restaurant Loss Prevention & Security Association 2015 Annual Conference M Resort Spa and Casino, Las Vegas, NV rlpsa.comAugust 3-4, 2015 Twin Cities ORC Association TCORCA Training & Conference 2015 Crowne Plaza Minneapolis West Plymouth, MN tcorca.orgAugust 10-12, 2015 Axis Communications Retail Leadership Forum Ritz Carlton Dallas, TX Sponsor – August 19, 2015 Georgia Retail Association 5th Annual GRAORCA Retail Crime Conference AmericasMart Atlanta (GA) graorca.orgAugust 31-September 2, 2015 Security100 Retail Summit Scottsdale (AZ) Marriott at McDowell Mountains 9-10, 2015 International Supply Chain Protection Organization 2015 Conference The Fossil Group Headquarters Richardson, TX iscpo.orgSeptember 18, 2015 Cyber Security Summit 2015 New York City Millennium Broadway Hotel, NYC cybersummitusa.comSeptember 28-October 1, 2015 ASIS International 61st Annual Seminar and Exhibits Anaheim (CA) Convention Center asisonline.orgOctober 5-7, 2015 Loss Prevention Research Council (LPRC) 11th Annual IMPACT Conference University of Florida, Gainesville jessi (at) lpresearch (dot) orgOctober 12-15, 2015 Coalition of Law Enforcement and Retail (CLEAR) 6th Annual Training Conference Marriott Inner Harbor, Baltimore, MD Stay UpdatedGet critical information for loss prevention professionals, security and retail management delivered right to your inbox.  Sign up nowlast_img read more

Allied Universal Celebrates Fourth Annual National Security Officer Appreciation Week

first_imgAllied Universal is proud to recognize security officers during the fourth annual National Security Officer Appreciation Week, September 16–22, 2018.“National Security Officer Appreciation Week honors the incredible efforts of our nation’s security officers to create safer and more secure environments,” says Steve Jones, CEO, Allied Universal. “The appreciation week is also an opportunity to profile the many roles security officers fill; debunk misconceptions and stereotypes; and raise awareness of the career opportunities that exist within the security services industry.”Security professionals are hard-working, highly trained men and women who are our protectors, guardians and first responders. These individuals deter crime, lead evacuations, provide information, work closely with local law enforcement and are constantly vigilant in their efforts to keep us safe. This annual event is featured in Chase’s Calendar of Events. Join in the celebration on social media using #ThankYouSecurity in your posts.- Sponsor – For more information, visit Stay UpdatedGet critical information for loss prevention professionals, security and retail management delivered right to your inbox.  Sign up nowlast_img read more

If Blogs Are Outlawed, Only Outlaws Will Blog (in Saudi Arabia): This Week in Online Tyranny

first_img8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Tags:#Government#international#web Want to blog in Saudi Arabia? Get a license. Saudi Arabia has trotted out a couple of the old stand-bys, libel and porno, to justify a tightening of blogging rules in that country. If the proposal goes through, no Saudi will be able to write a blog post without a license. The Kingdom has had a robust blogging life for years, though not without occasional arrests. (You don’t want to “annoy others” in the KSA.). But this move will make anyone at all who blogs without a license a criminal. Saudis are kicking back against this with particular contempt for the Ministry of Information, which would be the issuing authority for these alleged licenses. Texting censorship suit settled.EZ Texting sued T-Mobile for censoring texts on its service. But the two companies have settled out of court. Any definitive judgment on the ability of a carrier to interfere with the messages of those it carries has been suspended for now. Rules regarding texting, which the FCC could codify, have been left unresolved and look to remain that way for the time being. Vietnam starts its own social network. After arresting a prominent blogger allied to a new political party, this week Vietnam has introduced a state-owned and -controlled social network. Clearly hoping to control or at least monitor every aspect of its users’ lives, will require users to divulge all personal information prior to granting access. Afghanistan jumps on the filtering bandwagon. After years of free access to the Internet (if you could get on the Internet), the Afghan government has lowered the first boom. The typical filtering you see in that part of the world includes alcohol, drugs, pornography (including swim suits and dating sites). But, as always, news sites have now followed. One Afghan site, Benawa, is already blocked and several others are on the chopping block. Facebook discovers privacy. After years as one of the worst online companies for privacy, Facebook has made something of a turn around. Although still complex enough to challenge its utility, it’s a good move in the right direction. Users can make completely private groups (again) and messages and posts will be easier to aim at the right (and only the right) recipients. Saudi button from Wikimedia Commons Related Posts Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic…center_img A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… curt hopkins Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hostinglast_img read more

Ancient DNA reveals two lost lineages of horses—but not their elusive origins

first_img By Elizabeth PennisiMay. 2, 2019 , 11:35 AM Modern Mongolian herders depend on horses much the way their ancestors did. Ancient DNA reveals two lost lineages of horses—but not their elusive origins When Ludovic Orlando made up his mind to uncover the origins of domestic horses, he didn’t horse around. With 120 other researchers, the molecular archaeologist from France’s CNRS research agency in Toulouse combed stables and dig sites from across Europe and Asia to amass the world’s largest collection of horse DNA—some of it as old as 42,000 years. Now, after several years of intensive analysis, he still doesn’t know when and where modern horses got their start. But he and his colleagues have a much clearer understanding of how humans shaped equine evolution, and they’ve uncovered two previously unknown lineages of horses.“This is something of an ancient genomics tour de force,” says Daniel Bradley, an evolutionary geneticist at Trinity College Dublin who wasn’t involved in the work. “The scale of sampling makes these data an important and durable legacy.”To find out where and when humans first began to domesticate horses, Orlando’s team first looked to Kazakhstan, where excavations of ancient Botai settlements had suggested these herders were among the earliest to harness horses. But the DNA evidence suggested these animals were not the modern horse’s ancestors, as Botai horses were on a different branch of the horse family tree than modern horses, they reported last year in Science.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The researchers then reached out to field archaeologists, geneticists, and museum curators and obtained extensive DNA data from 278 ancient horses and their relatives from throughout Eurasia. They compared those genomes to the genomes of 30 modern horses and reconstructed 5000 years of equine history. First, they assessed which ancient DNA samples were similar enough to modern horse DNA that they could have been the wild horse ancestor. No ancient samples made that cut.That doesn’t surprise Greger Larson, an evolutionary geneticist at the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom who was not involved in the study. “Domestication is complex, and the only way to even begin to understand it is by comprehensively assessing lots of samples … from a wide range of contexts and cultures,” he says. Even though the team did its best, he still thinks there must be as-yet-undiscovered cultures that had the first modern horses.But even though the new work does not show where domesticated horses came from, it does reveal the existence of two new horse lineages: an ancient equine that roamed what is now Portugal and Spain some 4000 years ago, and another that lived in Siberia in Russia around the same time. Since then, both lineages have gone extinct, and there are no traces of them left in modern horse DNA, the team reports today in Cell. Those results could tank an earlier theory suggesting domesticated horses arose in the Iberian Peninsula, Orlando says.The study also reveals that a lot of the attributes of modern horses appeared much more recently. For example, there are “major genetic turnovers,” Orlando says, after the Arabs expanded into Europe in the seventh century. At that time, Arabian stallions outproduced males from other breeds, leading to their Y chromosome being present in all modern horses today. “It was really cool to see when that loss of male diversity happened,” says Molly McCue, a geneticist at the University of Minnesota in St. Paul who was not involved in the study.The genome data also reveal that selective breeding greatly intensified about 200 years ago—with positive and negative consequences. Genetic diversity in horses severely declined, allowing more potentially deleterious mutations to accumulate and lead to a higher risk of genetic disease. But that intense breeding also led to faster, stronger horses with greater staying power. The work “really illustrates that horses some 1000 years ago and horses now are two different creatures,” Orlando says.The new research “is significantly filling in the gaps in our knowledge and fleshing out the background information at a remarkable pace,” says Sandra Olsen, a zooarchaeologist at the University of Kansas in Lawrence. She thinks there may be many more undiscovered lineages of horses just waiting to be found, and that the wild ancestor of modern horses might hail from Ukraine, western Russia, or Hungary. And although no one really knows, Larson is optimistic: “I’m sure they’ll find it,” he says. “It’s got to be out there somewhere.” Ludovic Orlando last_img read more

Be fashionably fit this winter

first_img1. Wind Cheater:Outsmart the chilly breeze with the Adidas Sleeveless Hoodie Jacket. With a detachable hood, this puffa is an ideal companion for your jog. Rs 2,4992. Cool Carrier:It’s made with water-proof material, is spacious and has extra comfy straps. We simply love the Puma Fitness Large Hobo! Rs 1,6993. Two in One:The Puma Move Wow Tee is paired with a matching head-band that keeps your mane in place. Cool and clever! Rs 1,6994. Trendy Top:The dry-fit Reebok Sport Essential Tank with a fitted band on the waist assures a no-reveal and sweat-free workout. Rs 1,7995. Tighten Up:You do a high-kick or a head-stand, the Reebok Novelty Bootcut Pant will not slide down. The ankle tie-ups keep it in place. Rs 2,4996. Move Right:Activate your muscles and improve your posture and balance with MBT Kimondo’s patented Masai Sensor and Balancing Area. It creates a natural instability underfoot which activates the supporting muscle system. Rs 15,8507. Head Strong:Cover up with the Adidas Women’s jacket to beat the weather. This smart jacket has an extension on the hoodie to keep your forehead warm too. Rs 2,2998. Cozy Wrap:Don’t catch a cold-keep warm with Adidas’ woolly cap and muffler. Rs 1,099 and Rs 1,1999. Smart Pants:The lycra Puma Cuffed Capri lets you adjust the length depending on your needs from calf to knee. The tights have a secret iPod pocket too! Rs 1,59910. Two of Aces:The Reebok Easy Tone ET Hoodie takes your fitness everywhere you go. This cheat pair has a tee with ResiTone Bands (that make your muscles work even when you aren’t exercising) and a hoodie that keeps you warm. Rs 4,49911. Top Secret:The Reebok All Over Printed Long Bra Top is equipped with bust pads, giving you a stress-free workout. Rs 2,49912. Barely There:Running in the Reebok Real Flex is equivalent to running barefoot but with the protection ‘sensors’ like a traditional athletic shoe that adapt to all training surfaces. The sensors are positioned at the bottom of the shoe. Rs 4,999advertisementlast_img read more

England’s Eddie Jones admits spying on rivals in past – but has no use for it now

first_imgEngland rugby union team The England coach was speaking after listening to the Leeds United manager Marcelo Bielsa reveal that he had spied on Championship rival clubs all season.“He was telling everyone what everyone does,” said Jones. “Fifteen years ago, we used to send people out in costumes to watch training – it used to be part of the pre-match brief then. I can remember sending a coach who is now in a very senior position dressed like a swagman to watch one team train and he got chased out of there.“You do not need to do it now because you see everything now in a game. I have been coaching for 20 years and it has always been going on but I can say with a hand on my heart, we don’t do it any more. We don’t see the value of it because we can glean most of the stuff from games now.”Jones accepted spying could become an issue in the World Cup with some training grounds surrounded by high-rise buildings, adding: “We will have the security we need, but I don’t want to get to the extent where we go to the team room and we’re putting Blu Tack on the keyhole or looking under seats for tape recorders. It creates a sense of paranoia.” Share via Email Reuse this content Topics Jones pointed out that spying was not always covert. “I was having a coffee with [assistant] Steve Borthwick in South Africa and a bloke comes out with a camera and starts trying to take photos of all our notes. You can be too obsessed about it, just do what you can to protect what is important.” Share on Twitter … we have a small favour to ask. More people, like you, are reading and supporting the Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism than ever before. And unlike many news organisations, we made the choice to keep our reporting open for all, regardless of where they live or what they can afford to pay. Whether we are up close or further away, the Guardian brings our readers a global perspective on the most critical issues of our lifetimes – from the escalating climate catastrophe to widespread inequality to the influence of big tech on our lives. We believe complex stories need context in order for us to truly understand them. At a time when factual information is a necessity, we believe that each of us, around the world, deserves access to accurate reporting with integrity at its heart.Our editorial independence means we set our own agenda and voice our own opinions. Guardian journalism is free from commercial and political bias and not influenced by billionaire owners or shareholders. This means we can give a voice to those less heard, explore where others turn away, and rigorously challenge those in power.We hope you will consider supporting us today. We need your support to keep delivering quality journalism that’s open and independent. Every reader contribution, however big or small, is so valuable. Support The Guardian from as little as $1 – and it only takes a minute. Thank you. Since you’re here… Share on Pinterest Support The Guardian Read more The Breakdown: sign up and get our weekly rugby union email. Eddie Jones Share on Messenger Rugby union Stuart Lancaster: ‘I haven’t decided if I’ll go to watch England play Ireland’ Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn news The Observer Share on WhatsApp Eddie Jones has admitted spying on opponents in the past, but says he stopped doing so a decade ago because it had become a waste of time.last_img read more

Facebook not to buy Houseparty over antitrust concerns

first_imgSan Francisco: As the US regulators investigate Facebook’s acquisition of WhatsApp and Instagram, the social networking giant has reportedly shelved plans to buy popular group video chat app called Houseparty. According to an Engadget report, quoting the New York Times, the talks ended after Facebook realized that acquiring another big social networking player will invite anti-trust probe risk from the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC). Houseparty lets users perform video chat with multiple people at once and is popular among those under age 24. Also Read – Swiggy now in 500 Indian cities, targets 100 more this year Online video game Fortnite maker Epic Games acquired Houseparty in June for an undisclosed sum. The US FTC last month approved a historic settlement involving about $5 billion with Facebook over its probe into the tech giant’s privacy violations including the Cambridge Analytica scandal. Apart from the record-breaking $5 billion penalty, Facebook will also submit to new sweeping restrictions and a modified corporate structure that will hold the company accountable for the decisions it makes about its users’ privacy. Also Read – New HP Pavilion x360 notebook with in-built Alexa in India The US FTC is also probing what prompted Facebook to acquire Instagram and WhatsApp. According to reports, the FTC is looking to find out whether Facebook was trying to snuff out potential competitors before they could truly challenge the social media giant. Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg has already announced plans for convergence between Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp. In a first step towards merging all its platforms into one unified experience for users, Facebook is adding its brand name to Instagram and WhatsApp. Instagram will soon become “Instagram from Facebook” and WhatsApp will turn into “WhatsApp from Facebook”.last_img read more