Share This!My first time visiting Toy Story Land was at night and it was the best! Seeing the oversized Christmas lights illuminating the land enhanced the carnival theme, and not having the sun beating down was a very welcome relief.If you haven’t had the pleasure of seeing this side of Disney’s Hollywood Studios in the evening, enjoy today’s narrated tour.What is your favorite park to experience at night? Let me know in the comments!
The African Leadership Academy aims to identify and nurture tomorrow’s leaders. (Image: African Leadership Academy) Fred Swaniker, left, from Ghana, and American Chris Bradford, the co-founders of the African Leadership Academy. (Image: Echoing Green)Janine ErasmusAn elite new high school about to open near Johannesburg is to groom a remarkable group of youngsters from across Africa to be the continent’s future leaders, with a strong emphasis on understanding African issues.The non-profit African Leadership Academy (ALA), situated in Honeydew, opens its doors on 3 September 2008. With a stringent admissions policy, the school will offer an education focused on leadership development and entrepreneurial training from a strongly African perspective.The academy selects its students solely on merit, looking for youngsters from 16 to 19 years old with the potential to rise to the top of their chosen careers. Out of 1 700 applicants from students in 36 African countries, 106 were selected for the two-year programme – an admission rate of 6.2%.“The number of applicants exceeded our expectations,” says ALA co-founder and COO Chris Bradford. “This clearly showed us that there is a great need for a school like this in Africa.” By comparison, Harvard has an admission rate of 7.1% and Stanford 9.5%.The school has 53 girls and 53 boys from 27 African countries, from Morocco to South Africa, as well as from Germany and the US. The group includes 13 South Africans, 12 Kenyans, nine students from Nigeria, eight each from Senegal and Tanzania, and six from Morocco.“We believe that Africa’s future lies in the quality of the leaders of tomorrow,” Bradford says. “By combining their academic knowledge with contextual knowledge of Africa and the skills they gain through community service projects, our graduates will be superbly equipped to put their ideas into practice.”The inaugural group of students were strictly selected according to ALA’s merit-based criteria: academic achievement, leadership potential, entrepreneurial spirit, passion for Africa, and commitment to service. Some are from wealthy families, others refugees from troubled regions or for various reasons have been unable to complete their schooling. Many have won recognition through academic achievement, or have demonstrated fierce entrepreneurial spirit. All possess the qualities of a leader.Teachers were selected according to even more rigorous standards. Of the hundreds who applied, a mere 2% were selected. ALA now boasts 20 teachers from top schools around the globe, headed by Dean Christopher Khaemba, formerly principal of Alliance Boys’ High School in Kikuyu, Nairobi – the school that consistently performs best in Kenya’s secondary school exams.Only 10% of the initial intake can afford the US$20 000 (R155 000) tuition fee; the remaining 90% are attending on scholarships although, says Bradford, they are asked to make a contribution, however small, according to their means.ALA’s unique method of teaching is based on discussion groups, much like the Socratic method, to stimulate thinking and unlock creativity. “Our teachers will challenge their students,” says Bradford, “and the students themselves can learn a great deal from each other as they share their personal perspectives on different issues.”Built on experienceALA’s founding team comprises Ghanaian Fred Swaniker, American Chris Bradford, German Peter Mombaur and Cameroonian Acha Leke.CEO Swaniker, just 31 years old, comes from a family of educators. Having lived and worked in a number of African countries, he was continually struck by the continent’s need for ethical leadership. He played an important role in the launch of Mount Pleasant English Medium School, one of Botswana’s top private elementary schools. He is also a founder of Global Leadership Adventures, a programme for high-school students that gives them the chance to serve in communities in other countries.A graduate of the Stanford University Graduate School of Business, Swaniker also completed a BA in economics at Macalester College in Minnesota, US.Bradford is a teacher with a BA from Yale University, an MA in Education Administration from Stanford University, and an MBA from Stanford University. He taught for two years at Oundle School in the UK, in classes filled with students from all over the world, including Africa.Non-executive founders Peter Mombaur and Acha Leke bring with them a wealth of experience in management and investment consulting, telecommunications and engineering.Leading Africa towards a prosperous futureThe ALA experience does not end at graduation, says Bradford, but aims to support former students throughout their lives, playing an integral role in the formation of a powerful network of African leaders who will be able to turn to their peers for mentoring, career advice, and business opportunities.One is sixteen-year-old Miranda Nyathi from Port Elizabeth, South Africa, who took on the role of her class’s maths teacher after the regular teacher failed to show up during the weeks-long teachers’ strike in 2007. After ALA she plans to work to place effective teachers in schools across the continent.William Kamkwamba, 20, from Malawi, dropped out of school at 14 because of financial constraints but taught himself the principles of energy from two library books, and built a windmill that supplies his home with electricity. His ambition is to set up a windmill company to help people all over Africa.Kenyan student Tabitha Tongoi, 17, established an educational project to help supply much-needed textbooks to her school in Nairobi. So far she has facilitated the donation of more than 3 000 books. She plans to become a human rights lawyer.Zimbabwean Belinda Munemo, 17, built up an agricultural business that included egg-laying and a vegetable garden to create sustainable income for an orphaned family, teaching the eldest child to manage the income. She wants to open a network of hospitals that will focus on research and treatment for cancer and Aids.These and other remarkable youngsters will use their knowledge and experience to work in communities around the ALA campus, gaining practical experience that they will take with them out into the world. As part of their curriculum each student is required to complete a service project before graduation.The ALA plans to share its vision and resources beyond its physical boundaries through a series of open lectures, free training seminars that will equip teachers from other schools with innovative teaching methods, and school holiday camps to develop leadership and entrepreneurial skills in younger pupils.ALA supportersALA has been a work in progress since 2003, when Swaniker became inspired to address the issue of leadership.“We want to move the continent forward,” says Swaniker, “and so we look for teachers and students who have that abiding passion for Africa. There are so many opportunities across the continent, but the barrier to peace and prosperity has always been leadership. And we need to inculcate these values while our students are still young – Richard Branson was 16 when he began his business career; Bill Gates started Microsoft at 19.”The school currently occupies a tranquil 20 acres of land once used by a printing plant and training school. Most facilities were already in place, including an auditorium, except for the two science labs which have just been completed.“We couldn’t have reached this stage without the help of the national Department of Home Affairs,” says Director of Operations Anabel Argyle. “They assisted us with a lot of the paperwork, especially where there were major problems. Many of our pupils don’t come from well-off families and therefore have no passport because they don’t travel with their parents. Some have illiterate parents and didn’t even have birth certificates or identity documents. Fortunately Home Affairs was sympathetic to our cause and waived certain conditions or gave us extensions on others.”The national and provincial education departments have also been tremendously helpful, says Swaniker, as have major businesses such as Absa, Cisco, the Industrial Development Corporation, and Kenya Airways, which is keen to become the official ALA carrier. “They have the widest footprint of all the African airlines we studied,” he says.Do you have queries or comments about this article? Email Janine Erasmus at email@example.com.Related storiesEducation in South AfricaUseful linksAfrican Leadership AcademyGlobal Leadership AdventuresWilliam Kamkwamba on AfrigadgetAfrican Leadership FoundationIndustrial Development CorporationDepartment of Education
7 January 2010South African President Jacob Zuma, who practises polygamy in keeping with traditional African culture, has not five but three wives, any of whom may accompany him on official engagements.In a statement aimed at correcting media reports following Zuma’s wedding to Tobeka Madiba-Zuma on the weekend, the Presidency said that South Africa’s Constitution and public service regulations did not make provision for a First Lady or First Ladies, and that there was thus “no such official designation”.Contrary to media reports, Zuma has not five but three wives: Sizakele Khumalo, Nompumelelo Ntuli, and Tobeka Madiba. He also has a fiancee, Bongi Ngema.When it comes to official or public engagements, the Presidency said, it is up to Zuma to decide whether he is accompanied by any or all of his wives. “This is his prerogative, and has been the practice since he took office.”The Presidency said it provided “administrative support” to the President’s wives through its spousal office, “as has been the practice in past administrations”.While Zuma’s wives might take part in community work or other activities that supported the President’s work, this was purely voluntary, as they were not part of the Presidency or the public service.MaKhumalo (in isiZulu culture, married or adult women have the prefix “Ma” added to their surnames), whose area of interest is agriculture and food security, runs a vegetable garden project in Zuma’s home village of Nkandla in KwaZulu-Natal.KaMadiba (the prefix “Ka” is used for names already beginning with “Ma”) is interested in health care, especially work relating to the fight against cervical cancer. MaNtuli’s focus is on social development; she works to help orphans and vulnerable children.SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material
Had a great time with Jonathan Walz & Hal Rottenberg from PowerScripting Podcast (http://powerscripting.net) talking about the Intel vPro PowerShell Module. Jonathan and Hal are great guys to chat with and they continue to be excellent sources of information within the PowerShell community.If you missed the live PowerScripting Podcast where we talked about vPro and PowerShell, you can catch it here.(http://powerscripting.wordpress.com/2010/10/05/episode-127-matt-royer-from-intel-on-vpro-powershell-support/)For a refresher on the Intel vPro PowerShell Module, please visit the following blog.–Matt Royer
By Elizabeth PennisiMay. 2, 2019 , 11:35 AM Modern Mongolian herders depend on horses much the way their ancestors did. Ancient DNA reveals two lost lineages of horses—but not their elusive origins When Ludovic Orlando made up his mind to uncover the origins of domestic horses, he didn’t horse around. With 120 other researchers, the molecular archaeologist from France’s CNRS research agency in Toulouse combed stables and dig sites from across Europe and Asia to amass the world’s largest collection of horse DNA—some of it as old as 42,000 years. Now, after several years of intensive analysis, he still doesn’t know when and where modern horses got their start. But he and his colleagues have a much clearer understanding of how humans shaped equine evolution, and they’ve uncovered two previously unknown lineages of horses.“This is something of an ancient genomics tour de force,” says Daniel Bradley, an evolutionary geneticist at Trinity College Dublin who wasn’t involved in the work. “The scale of sampling makes these data an important and durable legacy.”To find out where and when humans first began to domesticate horses, Orlando’s team first looked to Kazakhstan, where excavations of ancient Botai settlements had suggested these herders were among the earliest to harness horses. But the DNA evidence suggested these animals were not the modern horse’s ancestors, as Botai horses were on a different branch of the horse family tree than modern horses, they reported last year in Science.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The researchers then reached out to field archaeologists, geneticists, and museum curators and obtained extensive DNA data from 278 ancient horses and their relatives from throughout Eurasia. They compared those genomes to the genomes of 30 modern horses and reconstructed 5000 years of equine history. First, they assessed which ancient DNA samples were similar enough to modern horse DNA that they could have been the wild horse ancestor. No ancient samples made that cut.That doesn’t surprise Greger Larson, an evolutionary geneticist at the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom who was not involved in the study. “Domestication is complex, and the only way to even begin to understand it is by comprehensively assessing lots of samples … from a wide range of contexts and cultures,” he says. Even though the team did its best, he still thinks there must be as-yet-undiscovered cultures that had the first modern horses.But even though the new work does not show where domesticated horses came from, it does reveal the existence of two new horse lineages: an ancient equine that roamed what is now Portugal and Spain some 4000 years ago, and another that lived in Siberia in Russia around the same time. Since then, both lineages have gone extinct, and there are no traces of them left in modern horse DNA, the team reports today in Cell. Those results could tank an earlier theory suggesting domesticated horses arose in the Iberian Peninsula, Orlando says.The study also reveals that a lot of the attributes of modern horses appeared much more recently. For example, there are “major genetic turnovers,” Orlando says, after the Arabs expanded into Europe in the seventh century. At that time, Arabian stallions outproduced males from other breeds, leading to their Y chromosome being present in all modern horses today. “It was really cool to see when that loss of male diversity happened,” says Molly McCue, a geneticist at the University of Minnesota in St. Paul who was not involved in the study.The genome data also reveal that selective breeding greatly intensified about 200 years ago—with positive and negative consequences. Genetic diversity in horses severely declined, allowing more potentially deleterious mutations to accumulate and lead to a higher risk of genetic disease. But that intense breeding also led to faster, stronger horses with greater staying power. The work “really illustrates that horses some 1000 years ago and horses now are two different creatures,” Orlando says.The new research “is significantly filling in the gaps in our knowledge and fleshing out the background information at a remarkable pace,” says Sandra Olsen, a zooarchaeologist at the University of Kansas in Lawrence. She thinks there may be many more undiscovered lineages of horses just waiting to be found, and that the wild ancestor of modern horses might hail from Ukraine, western Russia, or Hungary. And although no one really knows, Larson is optimistic: “I’m sure they’ll find it,” he says. “It’s got to be out there somewhere.” Ludovic Orlando
CALGARY – As an army brat, Lisa Pearce remembers the manuals her father would drag along with the family, posting after posting, over his 30 years in the Canadian Forces.Now the knowledge that Sgt. Lewis Pearce gathered during his military career has a new home.His time in the Forces, before he retired in 1991, included a lengthy spell at CFB Borden where he became an instructor.Pearce was with the Corps of Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers and worked on military vehicles, including the Leopard 1 tank, which eventually would see action in Afghanistan.Lisa Pearce said she and her brother Derek were at their parents home in Gander, Nfld., last year and found four of their father’s mechanics manuals in the garage. One was on artillery, another on recovery vehicles, a third covered tanks and the fourth was more of a general instructional guide.With his blessing, they decided to donate them to the Ghost Squadron, volunteers who keep decommissioned military vehicles running at The Military Museums in Calgary.“Like all military men, they’re pack rats. They take things from one base to the next, so we have a lot of military paraphernalia around the house, but these ones here we didn’t want to sit and gather dust,” said Pearce at a thank-you ceremony at the museum.“Dad started teaching the Leopard in 1985 and so he started … at that time. He said he looked at the instructor manuals that were there, made corrections of the errors that were there and then started putting together this instructor manual,” Pearce said.“It’s meant for anyone off the street who had never worked on a tank before.”Keeping old military equipment operational is a struggle for the Ghost Squadron, which currently has several vehicles to repair, including two Leopard 1 tanks. A third is on the way.“The level for this find — it’s in the platinum level. If you look at the periodic table of elements, this is ‘unobtainium’ and we’ve got it,” said group leader John Senior.“When you hang your uniform up, you hang up all your smarts you gained during the service.”For Scott Vanderveer, one of the few volunteers who worked as a military tech, it brings back good memories.“It is basically getting right down to the brass tacks of the very basics of mechanics,” he said. “When they would bring the recruits into the school, and they would start teaching them, this is the book that would be used.“When I went to Borden as a vehicle tech, I actually remember flipping through the different books that made this up.”The manuals will be preserved and digitized for future generations.Lewis Pearce, 74 and in ill health, took a moment away from a card game with his wife, Rita, to watched the ceremony on Facetime.“My son saved those books and they were going to go in the garbage,” the elder Pearce said. “I was thinking about some place to send them or give them away and he came up with the idea.“I’m happy that they’re saved and I’m happy that they’re going to a good cause.”— Follow @BillGraveland on Twitter